Letter #13, 2021, Tues., April 6: Hans Küng - BISERICI.org este un proiect non-profit ce are ca scop crearea unui spatiu virtual de gazduire a informatiilor despre locașurile de cult din România.
BISERICI.org - Situl Bisericilor din România

© 2005-2021 BISERICI.org

eXTReMe Tracker
 Google Translate 

Știri și Evenimente

Letter #13, 2021, Tues., April 6: Hans Küng

Letter #13, 2021, Tuesday, April 6: The Passing of Hans Küng

 I write today with the sad news of the death at the age of 93 of one of the more important and controversial Catholic theologians of our time, Hans Küng.

 I met Küng, who was Swiss, just briefly, in the 1970s, when I was a college student at Harvard, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and he was invited by the Harvard Divinity School to give a lecture there.

 I was struck then by Küng's confident presence and manner. He presented his rather progressive, modernist views in a self-assured way, seemingly taking for granted that he would receive enthusiastic support for his positions from the divinity students of that place and time, most of them non-Catholics. And he did receive that enthusiastic support. I was troubled by, and opposed to, what I took to be his too optimistic eagerness to "update" the Catholic faith in keeping with the "right-thinking" Western intellectual life of the mid-20th century. Yet I remember being impressed by the strength of his character: he drew all eyes to him immediately when he entered the room to begin his talk, seeming to dominate the room effortlessly. And I felt a certain respect for a man who would dare to speak about Christ and the Church in a place that already in the 1970s was so extraordinarily secular that any conversation about Christianity had already become almost taboo. In this sense, he was brave to speak in a serious and confident way about questions of Christian faith.

 Years later, when, in Rome, I met his German colleague of the 1960s, Joseph Ratzinger, I was struck by the fact that Ratzinger seemed so much less extroverted, less dominating, less physically imposing, though I found Ratzinger's thought, in its careful, crystalline intricacy, much more compelling, more attractive, more persuasive, than Küng's thought.

 Now Küng has departed from this world, a world we refer to in various prayers as "this valley of tears."

 May eternal light shine upon him, and may he rest in the peace of the Lord.


 Below is a report on Küng's life and thought from The Pillar, a relatively new Catholic news website that seems to be producing a steady stream of thoughtful reports on the life of the Church in our time. —RM

 Above, Swiss theologian Hans Küng. Küng died this morning at the age of 93. He was at first a fellow Catholic priest, collaborator and friend of Fr. Joseph Ratzinger. Ratzinger eventually left the academy, the academic world, to become a bishop, cardinal and finally Pope Benedict XVI. Photo Credit: Marijan Murat/ picture-alliance/ dpa (link)

 Hans Küng, influential dissident theologian, dead at 93

The Pillar

 Fr. Hans Küng, an influential Swiss Catholic priest and theologian who was forbidden from teaching theology because he dissented from Catholic doctrine, has died. The priest was 93 years old.

 The priest was a contemporary of Joseph Ratzinger, later Benedict XVI, with whom he had a relationship of frequent public disagreement, especially as the men embarked on radically divergent theological paths, engaged in pointed theological disputes, and after official condemnation of some of Küng’s theological work.

 Küng’s death was announced by the German bishops’ conference on April 6.

 Born in 1928, Küng was ordained a priest in 1954, and was shortly thereafter appointed a professor of theology at the influential German University of Tübingen.

 Like Ratzinger, Küng was an influential theological expert at the Second Vatican Council. During the Council, Küng, who proposed some models of Church reform that were adopted by the Council Fathers, became a prominent media figure and a well-known theologian, especially because he was interviewed frequently by English-language media.

 But theologians at the Council criticized Küng privately. In his diaries, Fr. Henri de Lubac lamented the priest’s “juvenile audacity” and “incendiary, superficial, and polemical” approach to theological engagement.

 After the Council, Küng helped to secure a faculty position at Tübingen for Ratzinger, and the men were initially friendly.

 But Küng’s rejection of Church doctrine was made explicitly manifest in 1968, when Humanae vitae was promulgated, and the theologian joined those opposing its teaching, which ruled out the licit use of artificial contraception and reiterated the Church’s holistic teaching on human dignity, sexuality, and the link between the unitive and procreative potential of marital love.

 Ratzinger, then a colleague of Küng’s, supported the document and criticized those who dissented from it.

 In 1971, the bishops’ conference of Germany denounced a book by Küng that seemed to reject the doctrine of papal infallibility, which was declared definitively by the First Vatican Council.

 In 1975, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith said of Küng’s theological work that “some views are found which in different degrees oppose the Catholic Church’s doctrine which must be professed by all the faithful.”

 In addition to his rejection of papal infallibility, “he does not adhere to the true concept of the authentic Magisterium by which the Bishops are in the Church ‘authentic teachers, that is, teachers endowed with the authority of Christ who preach to the people committed to them the faith they must believe and put into practice,’’ the Vatican said.

 “Also the view already suggested by Prof. Küng in the book Die Kirche ("The Church") according to which the Eucharist, at least in cases of necessity, can be validly consecrated by baptized persons who are not ordained priests, cannot be reconciled with the doctrine of Lateran Council IV and Vatican II.”

 The Vatican at that time admonished Küng not to teach the positions identified as false by the CDF, and urged him to “harmonize, after an appropriate period of deep study, his own views with the doctrine of the Church’s authentic Magisterium.”

 But in 1979, Küng’s work was found by the Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith to contain persistent heretical elements, and the priest was censured.

 “In his writings, has departed from the integral truth of Catholic faith, and therefore he can no longer be considered a Catholic theologian nor function as such in a teaching role," the CDF concluded. The priest was forbidden to teach theology in any Catholic institution.

 Küng continued to teach as a professor of “ecumenical theology” at Tübingen.

 Although the priest’s work was found to contain persistently heretical elements, he was not formally declared to be excommunicated, the prescribed canonical penalty for heresy.

 In addition to his rejection of papal infallibility, Küng was a staunch critic of the Church’s teaching and discipline on sexuality and clerical celibacy.

 In later life, Küng blamed the sexual abuse scandals of the early 2000s and the shortage of priestly vocations in dioceses in the West on clerical celibacy.

 In 2010, he insisted that "Compulsory celibacy is the principal reason for today's catastrophic shortage of priests, for the fatal neglect of eucharistic celebration, and for the tragic breakdown of personal pastoral ministry in many places."

 Commenting on the sexual abuse crisis, he said that “celibacy is not the only cause of such misconduct. But it is the most important and structurally the most decisive expression of an uptight attitude of the church’s leadership towards sexuality in general, an attitude that is also revealed in the birth control question and in other related issues.”

 "Abolition of the celibacy rule, the root of all these evils, and the admission of women to ordination. The bishops know this, but they do not have the courage to say it in public."

 Küng was a fierce critic of Ratzinger’s administrative and theological leadership, even while periodically affirming the genuine faith of his former colleague. He referred to Ratzinger’s leadership as “Roman Inquisition” and blamed him for the global cover-up of clerical sexual abuse.

 In 2005, however, the two men met in Rome for a conversation the Vatican described as “friendly,” and they spoke of another with some degree of cordiality. 

"Friends of Lebanon" 

The people of Beirut and all of Lebanon are in need of our assistance.

Following a terrible explosion on August 4, 2020, in the capital city of Beirut, hundreds were killed and injured, and tens of thousands left homeless. In addition, due to the many years of civil war in neighboring Syria, Lebanon has become host to some 2 million Syrian refugees, putting an enormous strain on the country's infrastructure. Then, the Covid virus has brought further hardship, causing many young Lebanese to wish to flee from their own country to seek a "better life" elsewhere...

We have spoken with our friends, the Maronite monks of Lebanon, about how we can help.

If you would like to help, and become enrolled as a "Friend of Lebanon," you can make a tax deductible donation


These donations are restricted to our "Friends of Lebanon" project.

These funds are used to develop a precise and effective way to carry out two goals:

 (1) Short-Term Help: to assist those who need immediate assistance — daily needs like food and water, electricity and other essential household items.

 (2) Long-Term Hope: to support projects which will help those most in need to become stable, to become self-reliant, to receive education and, through these efforts, to stay in their native country of Lebanon.

As a donor, you will have an opportunity to join the conversation on a monthly virtual video calls with those who are on the ground in Lebanon, helping those in need.

We will have a live Zoom conversation this Friday, April 9, at 11 a.m. (Eastern Standard Time). By donating, you automatically will receive an email invitation to join this meeting. 
Click Here to Join "Friends of Lebanon"

Donate Now to Support The Moynihan Letters

 Nonprofits like our own Urbi et Orbi Communications need help weathering the current storms. We do this work in partnership with you: we want you to be informed, to have a sense of the current climate of the Church, and to know both where there is hope for the future and where there is danger of losing sight of Truth. (continued below)

 We ask you to support Urbi et Orbi Communications with a small or large contribution, at this difficult time, in order...

 (1) to keep Inside the Vatican Magazine (which we have published since its founding in 1993, 27 years ago) independent and comprehensive... a unique lens into the Church and the World. Now available to you digitally as well as in print!

 (2) to ensure that Inside the Vatican Pilgrimages can keep creating encounters for you with the Heart of the Churches, the homes of the Saints, and the Living Stones — the people — of whom the Church is built. Now offering you virtual pilgrimages from your home computer! (see below for more information)

 (3) to help bring the Churches closer together by "Building Bridges" to heal the schisms of the Church — East and West — through our Urbi et Orbi Foundation.

 (4) to sustain our occasional news and editorial emails, The Moynihan Letters, bringing the latest valuable information and insight like no other source to thousands of readers around the world

Sursa: www.InsideTheVatican.com

Contor Accesări: 6, Ultimul acces: 2021-04-16 22:16:59